Hydraulic fracturing, also commonly referred to as fracking, is a hotly debated process by which gas and oil are extracted from shale rock. The process is highly technical and requires large drills and fluids in order to retrieve gas and oil from the rocks beneath the surface of the ground. If you are new to the fracking industry, there are a few things you need to understand, particularly regarding fracking fluid.
How is Fracking Fluid Used?
To begin with, a large drill bores down beneath the surface of the ground until it reaches shale rock. In order to reach its destination, the drill is set at a vertical angle from the surface of the ground and drilled down to a depth of between 1 and 2 miles. The drill is then set to a horizontal angle and continues for another mile beyond that.
Once the drill reaches its destination, fracking fluid is injected through the bored out section at a high-pressure rate of approximately 9,000 psi. The pressure of the fluid forces the shale rock to release gas and oil back up toward the surface, which is then retrieved using a variety of equipment and storage tanks.
What is Fracking Fluid?
Fracking fluid consists of a mixture of water, sand and chemicals. During the fracturing process, a large amount of water must be heated. In general, a well may consume approximately 2 to 8 million gallons of water, all of which must remain hot. It has been discovered that sand and chemicals used during the fracking process mix better with hot water compared to cold water.
Because fracking uses so much water, it is important to ensure that none of it is wasted unnecessarily. Improper heating of fracking fluid could cause the improper mixing of sand and chemicals. If the sand and chemicals do not mix properly, it can lead to coagulation. Coagulation can disrupt the fracking process, thereby wasting the water used for the project.
How Can Fracking Fluid Be Heated?
Many tanks are specifically designed to provide thermal protection of fracking fluid in order to ensure it remains the right temperature in either hot or cold regions. Despite the efficiency of many tanks, a tank heater may still be in order, particularly when fracking takes place in colder regions.
In certain situations, tanks may have external manifolds. For larger projects, several tanks may be required. In that instance, the external manifolds will likely require extra heating. Fortunately, tank heaters can ensure the fluid stays hot enough for use in order to secure the success of the fracking project.
A tank heater is a unit that is attached to the tank. The water is then circulated through the unit and back into the tank to ensure the temperature of the water remains consistent. For a project that requires multiple tanks of fracking fluid, you can purchase various units for each tank.
Keep in mind that you will have to adjust your tank heater based on the temperature outside. Adjustable units ensure that the fluid is always at an optimal temperature for mixing. Many of the portable units have adjustable temperature settings that allow you to maintain the temperature of the fluid no matter the situation.
Talk to your crew and ensure they understand the importance of heating fracking fluid. Make sure you also touch base with a professional to learn more about the ways tank heaters can ensure you are able to successfully complete your next fracking project. Whether you need one or several tank heating units, a professional can ensure you have enough to get the job done. Check out websites like http://www.powerblanket.com/ to get started.